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Copyright 2014 by Attorney Carlos Gamino
The news has many Chinese citizens openly celebrating what they hope is the beginning of a new era of social reform while being careful not to criticize their government for not bringing change sooner, an action that could result in a lengthy prison sentence.
The History of China’s One-Child Policy
China first implemented the restrictive policy in 1980 as a means to control the population’s growth rate. By limiting families to one child, the Chinese government hoped to prevent overpopulation, and the housing, food, and crime problems that come with it.
The decision came with some unintended consequences, however, such as three decades of males being born at a higher rate than females.
This year’s decision comes as part of a 5-year itinerary by the ruling Communist Party’s Central Committee to develop socioeconomic change, and it is the first major change in family rights in nearly 3 years. (In 2013, the Communist Party of China announced that women who were minors could have two children.)
This decision primarily relates to Chinese families in densely populated urban areas, such as Shanghai and Beijing, where single-child laws are more strictly enforced. In rural China, many towns allow a family to have a second child if the first is female. Additionally, certain minorities have been recognized by the government as exempt from these laws since the policy took effect in the 1970s.
What Do You Think?
Do you think China is about to see a population surge as a result of the change in policy, and if so, how will the world cope when we’re already struggling for resources?
I’d love to hear your thoughts, so feel free to share them on my Facebook page or on Twitter.
China may not have an exemplary record when it comes to human rights, but the world’s fourth-largest country made a progressive decision in October: the government ended its strict enforcement of single-child homes.
News from Attorney Carlos Gamino
China's single child rule - out the door
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